Paying off debt is one thing that might be difficult for some people. However, it is something you must do, especially when your home is at stake.
There are several ways people pay off debts. While some persons might use their entire savings to clear it, others might take up a new loan from friends to pay up their previous loan. However, there is a more suitable option for paying off loans – Refinancing.
To refinance means to review the terms and rates of a current loan agreement. It usually refers to a credit card debt or a mortgage. You can check out kredittkort i Norge for credit card options.
According to nerd wallet, an average individual can save up to $540 monthly and over $47,000 in a year on their mortgage, using refinancing options. So, we will exposit on mortgage refinancing and how it works.
What Is Mortgage Refinancing
A mortgage is an agreement between a borrower and a lender using a property as collateral. Usually, the borrower is to pay an additional amount as interest.
However, refinancing your mortgage enables you to exchange your current borrowing terms for a new one. And it is done with a different principal and interest rate. Also, the lender pays off the old mortgage using the new one. So, you have only one loan to repay.
Refinancing might be tasking if you do not understand how it works. So, let us look at the processes involved and how you can refinance your home loan.
How to Refinance Your Home Loan
Though buying a home involves more complicated processes than taking a refinance, they have similar steps. You might not be able to determine how long it will take to get approval. However, it typically takes about one or two months – if your application fits the requirements. Therefore, let us consider some steps to getting a refinance for your home.
In applying, there are a few steps involved. You can start by learning about the refinance options and those that best fit your situation. Also, you should have all the information and documents of the initial mortgage because you might be required to present them. And in most cases, if not all, the lender will go through your assets, credit and debt score, and income to verify that you meet their requirements.
Below are some documents you will most likely need to complete your application:
- A recent statement of accounts from your bank – not less than two months old
- A current copy of your paycheck
- A recent copy of your W-2. You can click on https://en.wikipedia.org/ to read more about wage and tax statements.
In addition, the lender might also request the documents of your spouse if you are married. However, this is so if you are in a state with community property rules. Furthermore, self-employed people are often required to submit more income documents. So, you can prepare your tax statements dating back a few years in case of emergency.
Refinancing with your present lender is not compulsory. In other words, you can choose a new lender who will clear your old debts as soon as your application is complete. However, it is best to choose one with a more satisfactory rate.
Lock-In Interest Rates
As prices and exchange rates change, interest rates also change. So, to avoid paying with a new rate by the close of your loan, it is best to lock in your rate. However, enquire from your borrower to confirm if this option is available to you.
The locking period is usually between 15 days to two months. However, some factors determine this time limit. They include loan type, lender, and location.
Some lenders tend to offer better rates to those opting for a shorter locking period. This is because they will not need to hedge prices for long. However, if the loan does not close before your lock period closes, you may need to extend it with extra money.
Furthermore, some brokers offer a choice to float the rates. This means that you can only lock the rates after you begin your application. However, as much as you can be lucky to obtain a fair rate with this option, you can also stumble into higher rates.
After submitting your application, the underwriting process begins. The process involves verification of all the financial information you have provided. For instance, the lender will have to confirm the property details like purchase date, rate, and more. Also, they will do an appraisal on the property to determine its value.
An appraisal is an assessment conducted on a property for sale; it helps determine the worth of the property. However, it is also done before refinancing and is a crucial process as it will help the lenders choose your available options.
For instance, if you apply for a cash-back refinance, the property’s value determines the amount you can receive. Also, if you intend to reduce your home loan payments, its value can determine if you have the right house equity to cover for private home insurance. So, it is best to prepare your home for appraisal.
Preparing for an appraisal can be tasking. However, it should not take so much time and resources. And if you have been keeping your house in shape, this will be a lot easier.
You can start by keeping your home in its best shape. Ensure that it is clean and has no broken or leaking areas; these can degrade your home value. Also, you can do some minor upgrades around the property, like repainting and changing some kitchen wares.
If the property has an equal or higher value when compared to the loan, the underwriting process is complete. And your borrower will send you the details of the closing. On the contrary, if your estimates are lower, several options are available for you. You can read this article to know how to deal with low appraisals.
Closing the Loan
Here is the final step in your home refinancing. After appraising your house, the lender sends you a disclosure document after a few days. And it will contain the final details for your new loan.
After receiving the documents, you need to sign them. Then you can proceed to make payments of your closing costs. In addition, if you are to receive money after refinancing, as, in the cash-out option, the lender will pay this after the closing.
Once you have signed your closing agreement, you have some days before it is locked in. So, if you change your mind about refinancing, you can cancel the arrangements. The period allowed is usually between 3 to 4-days.
There are some responsibilities that we cannot avoid. It is one thing to take loans and another to pay back. However, some options can help us repay.
Refinancing is a popular debt payment option and is usually for clearing credit card and mortgage debts. The process can be tasking. But, there are steps (which we have shared here) you can follow to help you scale through.